Organic Gardening Data will explain and show how organic gardens will be set up and maintained for maximum production. If you would like to have a healthy vegetable garden, the greenest lawn in the neighborhood and most gorgeous flowers anybody has seen. Then you have come to the right place. My objective here is put you on to the correct and safest way possible to achieve your goals in organic gardening.
Learn to improve your soil’s quality, get the correct nutrients for healthy plants of all kinds. For example, use molasses in the soil to feed the beneficial microorganisms. To have extra green plants try seaweed that will stimulate their roots and add much-needed nutrients. These are a must have in organic gardening.
How to use and when to apply organic fertilizers. Apply seaweed once a month as a supplement. Honey or molasses can be applied anytime to feed the microbes.
When to Plant
Would you like to know when to plant your gardens. A hardiness zone map and appropriate dates for first and last frost in your area. Small things like this is a surefire step to obtain that perfect garden and lawn.
Here’s a piece of trivia I bet you didn’t know: roses are the third-largest plant family. It’s true! What is in the name of a rose? It would be extremely difficult for it to become the third-largest family if it were as difficult to cultivate them as their reputation leads you to believe.
But the more interesting point is the various members of the rose family you can find around us all the time. Like what?
Well, the “rose family” includes such plants as apples, cherries, raspberries, and many ornamental landscape plants!
Wild roses generally have two names (no not quite a first and a last name like people!). Each wild rose has a scientific or botanical name with at least two parts, sometimes more. These names are always based on the Latin language. In addition, each wild rose also contains a common name as well. For example, there’s the Rosa eglanteria — the plant’s botanical name. Its common name is eglantine.
There are times when changes occur naturally in the plant. A normally red-flowered rose, for example, may suddenly sprout a white-flowering seedling. This is called a variety. When the variety is produced artificially as a result of something a person has done, it’s called a cultivar. While that looks like an impressive word, it’s really rose-language shorthand for the term “cultivated variety”.
This cultivar could have several origins. It may be the result of a hybrid. Technically, a hybrid is when the pollen of one plant is placed on the female reproductive parts of another plant. The results are seedlings with genes from both parents.
But the cultivar could also be the result of people who actively seek to reproduce roses through rooting cuttings. In this case sections of the stem of the plant they want are grafted to another plant.
You can recognize a cultivar just by its name. They are usually only given one name (there’s not Latin-based scientific name linked with these plants). When you see a rose is named ‘Rainbow’s End’ or ‘Knock Out’ you know instantly that the final product is a man-made cultivar. You’ll also notice, as you learn more about your new-found hobby, that these single-named cultivars are always set off by a set of single quotation marks — never double!
If this particular man-made cultivar is sold in more than one country, then don’t be surprised to discover that it’s also known by more than one name.
If it is registered with this group, then it may also receive a “code name”. This code name starts with three capital letters that denote the hybridizer or the person who introduced the variety. Then, this is followed by additional lower-case letters. There’s a rose called the TANorstar. This code name is always the same — no matter in which country the rose is sold.
Names of Roses is Pretty Cut and Dry
After taking the time to describe all this, you would think that everything about the names of roses is pretty cut and dry. Oh, no! That’s just not the case, not by a long shot!
As you begin to read more, you’ll realize that names are really listed in many different ways in all sorts of publications.
Now that I’ve completely confused you and while you’re still scratching your head looking completely puzzled, we might as well plow ahead to one more point. Some older varieties of roses will have a common name as well. You can view these as nicknames. These have been adopted over the years and used so much that they’re just accepted, affectionate ways of talking about these particular roses.
Now that you’re wondering why you need to know all of this, I’ll tell you right now, sooner or later (and probably sooner) you will encounter all the names. And it very well could be the next time you open a rose catalog.
Many catalogs print all the possible names of the roses. This helps everyone to know what rose we’re talking about. The names are usually listed in the following order: fancy names; scientific names; common names and code names.
Here’s an Example of What I’m Talking About.
For the rose called “Alba Maxima’ you’ll find a listing like this. It has a fancy species and common names:
Synonyms are ‘Great Double White’, ‘Maxima’, Rosa alba maxima, and Jacobite Rose.
If the rose has two alternate fancy names and a code name, the entry looks like this:
Rosa Alba Meidiland
Synonyms are ‘Alba Meilandecor’, ‘Meidiland Alba’; MElflopan.
With all the thousands of roses in the world and all the names just one rose can be given, it’s no wonder that the rose experts use various methods to group the roses as well. Now you know what is in the name of a rose.
Gardening can boost the feel-good hormones in your brain, which help fight against feelings associated with stress. Studies have shown that people who have a garden eat better and have fewer long term negative health effects.
Plus, another upside to gardening for stress eating is that you’ll discover that instead of putting weight on, you’re actually losing it instead. Most people are surprised to find that they lose inches around their waist and drop numbers on the scale through gardening.
It doesn’t seem like exercise because it’s a fun, fairly easy hobby to get into. The best part is that gardening isn’t something that requires you drag yourself to an exercise club, wear workout gear or pay for a membership.
It’s all convenient and very low cost. You just have to buy the seeds or the starter plants. You can get started with gardening through container gardening, window box gardening, indoor or outdoor gardening.
There are so many different types of foods you can plant, too. When you’re involved in growing a garden, you get exercise in a variety of ways. It’s good for anybody type and any weight because the exercising is all low key and low impact so you won’t feel it in your joints.
Picking up the plants to move them from a pot to the soil works the upper body. As you work on transplanting, you’re working out core muscles as well. Lifting bags of soil to add to the garden plot is part of a garden workout.
So is raking the soil and digging in it to plant items. There’s also weeding, which is a repetitive exercise that relaxes both the mind and the body. You can burn calories in your garden by mulching and other tasks required to keep a garden productive.
Some foods require more effort to grow than other foods and that also contributes to weight loss. If you’re doing more physical aspects of gardening such as hoeing, this is considered a moderate workout and you can end up burning as much as 300 calories for every hour that you’re hoeing.
You’ll end up giving your muscles strength from all the activity as well as toning them. Gardening calms the mind, too – which, in turn, reduces stress and lowers cortisol. When the cortisol is lowered, you’ll also have less of a drive to turn to food for comfort.
Gardening Helps Dieters Shed Fat During Stressful Times
When you garden, there’s always healthy food available for meals and snacks to help combat stress during troubled or anxious times. Your garden can be the quiet place you go to relax, exercise to get you out of the doldrums and provide a good supply of healthy, mood-boosting foods.
Gardening might be the ultimate way to shed the fat cells during times when you crave unhealthy foods. Sugary and salty snacks, fast food and foods rich in calories and carbohydrates are what you feel you need, but add calories and free radicals to your body.
You may also plant yourself on the sofa and feel like you can’t make a move to do anything beneficial to your body. Gardening is like any other hobby you might take up – you’re excited about doing it.
But, gardening is different because it not only relieves stress but can provide beauty for the mind with flowers and food for the soul and body with the healthy plants you choose. Keep your garden simple at first until you know what you have the stamina for.
If you discover you really enjoy gardening, the sky’s the limit on the healthy foods you can enjoy. But keep gardening your hobby to relax and enjoy and don’t let it become a chore.
Stress affects us in various ways. We always want comfort and most of the time we find it in harmful foods, but what we really need is vitamin and nutrient-rich foods we can depend upon to keep our stress-out times low calorie, but satisfying.
Mood swings are dangerous to the dieter. If you choose an outlet such as gardening, you have a better chance of foregoing the bad moods and immersing yourself in the mood-lifting gardening experience.
And you’re more likely to eat the healthy foods you harvest from your garden than to pick them up at the supermarket when you’re stressed out. Gardening affects all of the senses – taste, smell, sound and touch all benefit the dieters need to consume healthy and low-calorie foods.
When gardening to relieve stress and eat healthier, try to be in the moment. It doesn’t help much to garden while you’re thinking about tomorrow’s workload or finances. You also have the perfect chance to build on your creativity when gardening.
When planning your garden, think about whether you want it to be wild and entertaining or subtle and elegant. That decision goes a long way in how much you relax in your garden environment.
Relaxation is sometimes key in relieving food cravings, which occur when you’re stressed out. Carving out a space in your garden for only you – for meditation, reading or just enjoying the aromas and ambiance – can help reduce cravings you may have for high-calorie, high-carb foods.
Gardening also gives you a sense of accomplishment that you don’t get with many other hobbies. It satisfies all the senses and the harvest is low calorie – and beautiful to behold.
The earliest recorded history of the use of garlic to boost health and relieve stress was made by the Egyptians. They fed it to their slaves and other laborers to boost their strength and stamina during the decades the pyramids were being built.
Now we know for sure that garlic is a huge asset to the immune system and can help prevent cancer, heart disease and lower blood pressure. Antioxidants are highly concentrated in this superfood and can combat the damage to our bodies caused by free radicals (body pollutants).
Free radicals are now believed to contribute to the development of life-threatening diseases. Garlic contains the antibacterial and anti-fungal component called allicin and naturopathic practitioners often recommend it for depression and anxiety.
Some little known facts about the benefits of garlic include:
* Chop or crush the garlic and let it sit for a while before cooking so the allinase enzymes contained in the garlic will better preserve its cancer-preventive properties.
* Allicin (a sulfur compound) may help improve your iron metabolism. A protein (ferroportin) allows a passageway in the cell membrane to store iron and exit the cell when the body needs it.
* Garlic is a good source for selenium, a trace mineral also present in the soil. Selenium is imperative for the body to increase immunity, protect against free radical damage, as an anti-inflammatory and to maintain a healthy and vibrant metabolism.
* Garlic may also play a role in the fertility of males and females and in preventing autoimmune, cancer and thyroid diseases.
You should include garlic in your diet plan on a daily basis. At least half a clove in your own food portion should suffice – but when used in recipes, use at least one or two for maximum benefit.
Use garlic in whole clove form, raw, chopped, powder, or pressed. Be sure to add it at the end of your recipe’s cooking cycle to derive the maximum benefits and flavor. Garlic can transform any dish into an aromatic and highly flavorful meal, boost your mood and counteract your high-stress levels.
Beets are coming back as a food-trend and being used in many different ways to ensure we get them in our diet plan. The arsenal of nutrients found in beets has an extremely beneficial effect on our nervous and immune systems.
Packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties called betaine, beets also help to detoxify the body by stimulating liver cells and cleansing and protecting bile ducts, which carry waste through the system.
Betaine is an amino acid which acts as an antidepressant and stimulates the production of dopamine (the neurotransmitter which controls the pleasure points in our brains). An added bonus to consuming beets on a regular basis is the caloric count – approximately 40 calories per (average size) beet.
Beets are stocked with nutrients we sometimes lack, such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, fiber, niacin, biotin and iron. Together, these nutrients help to increase our levels of dopamine.
Low levels of dopamine cause us to be sluggish in our motor movements and may affect sleep cycles caused by stress. Recently, low dopamine levels have been connected to restless leg syndrome – the disorder that occurs often in seniors and keeps us awake at night.
Lowering blood pressure is also a benefit of beets. Some studies indicate that beets may help increase energy levels and stamina when you need it most. If you’ve never tried beets or beet juice, you’ll be amazed at all the ways you can use them in recipes or simply cut them up and include them in a leafy green salad.
Check out beet recipes and ideas online or in cookbooks and begin to use this superfood to boost your stress-reducing dopamine and nutrient levels.
If you’ve ever suffered from a stress-related headache, you know how debilitating it can be. Your own garden can be a source of foods that can help alleviate the dreaded headaches caused by too much stress and anxiety in your life.
Certain foods can also cause headaches. Included in the list are cheese, red wine, chocolate, and caffeine. Many foods containing MSG (monosodium glutamate) can sometimes trigger the intense migraine headaches, so it’s good to avoid those foods when you can.
Foods that are known to prevent headaches can be grown in your own garden. Even if you don’t have a garden space in your backyard, many of these foods are easily grown in containers or hydroponically.
Some herbs are natural enemies of headaches and you can easily grow them and have them on hand whenever needed. Lavender, for example, emits a scent that encourages relaxation and is great for stress-related headaches.
Lemon balm is another easy-to-grow and fragrant herb that’s helpful to relieve tension and those headaches caused by anxiety. It also acts as a mild sedative if your headache is preventing you from getting much-needed rest.
Sage and rosemary are excellent stress-headache relievers. Rosemary also improves circulation and can stimulate the nerves – helping to relieve tension and cluster headaches. Use rosemary in your favorite recipes to give them an extra zing.
Sage is also an easy growing plant and a great addition to any garden type. It’s a herb that can turn a recipe from boring to amazing and also stimulates digestion. Tension and nerve-caused headaches may be relieved by the aroma of this amazing herb.
Many of these herbs are great for tinctures to add to beverages when you feel a headache coming on. Tea or infusions with some of the herbs can effectively stave off the onset of tension and nerve type headaches.
Cantaloupes and potatoes can be easily grown in your garden space or even containers and contain natural statins and anti-inflammatory properties which can help lower high blood pressure and alleviate the pain of stress headaches.
Low levels of magnesium may cause stress to morph itself into the form of a headache. You can get this essential mineral in dark, leafy green plants such as spinach and kale – easily grown in any type of garden.
Add spice to your foods to relieve headaches by growing peppers in your garden and add these to recipes. They’re especially good to add to stews and soups. Spicy peppers help to relieve congestion and sinus pressure and may also act to open blood vessels which may constrict during times of stress and anxiety.
Just the activity of gardening can do much to relieve stress. If you don’t have a large plot in your yard for a garden, consider another method such as container and hydroponic.
If you have enough space in your garden area, arrange a place for meditation and relaxation. Perhaps add a water feature and some aromatic herbs and flowers for complete relaxation and a way to get rid of those annoying stress-related headaches.
Boy, I bet you never dreamed there was such a variety of roses. You still look a little overwhelmed from all that we covered from the last chapter. With such an array, how do you decide which rose is right for you?
Allow me to help a little with that. First, you’re probably tempted, as I was in the beginning years of my rose-growing days, to just run down to your local nursery and buy the species of rose that you feel is the most beautiful. I can’t blame you there.
But you should place more thought than that into it. After all, you do want to get the absolute best results you possibly can from both your investment in money and the future investment you’re making in time. You know, the tending to the flower, the watering, the fertilizing, and the talking to!
Even though your heart is saying run out and buy the first rose you see, your mind is saying, “Let’s do a little research.” Listen to your mind on this one.
And let’s start with just a few traits you should look for when you’re purchasing a rose.
Think about these questions before you buy your plant:
1. For what purpose do I want the rose?
By this question, I mean where in your garden are you planning on putting it. Will it be in a container? Will it be part of a flower bed or border? Or perhaps you’re thinking more of creating a hedge with the rose or having it stand as an arbor.
2. Am I going to cut the flowers for arrangements?
3. How much space can I realistically devote to the flower?
If you have a smaller garden, then you’ll be considering purchasing what’s called “compact” roses. This will keep the roses in an approximate scale with all your other plants.
If your garden is larger, than, of course, you want the larger varieties of roses.
4. What colors would I like?
Are you searching for bright colors in your plants, like the reds, the oranges, the golds or even the stripes? Instead of bright, you may opt for the flowers in the pastel range.
5. How important is the fragrance of the rose to me?
For many people, the fragrant scent of the rose is important. For others, they cherish the look. Would you be disappointed realistically speaking, if the rose you chose didn’t have a strong, aromatic scent?
6. Realistically, how much time am I willing to invest in the maintenance of this flower?
You may have the time and the energy to get intimately involved with your rose plants. If that’s the case, hybrid tea roses would be a good choice. This particular type of rose requires careful attention. It’s prone to disease and needs pruning.
But don’t give up on roses if you don’t’ have the time or energy for the “fussier” plants. Instead, search out a few that are easier to tend to. Believe me, they’re out there.
7. What are the growing conditions like in my yard?
Objectively evaluate your climate. In fact, when asking this question, you can turn to the USDA Plant hardiness Zone Map. This will help you make your decision about the type of rose that will thrive in your climate.
Up Close and Personal.
While a picture may be worth a thousand words, you certainly don’t want to choose your rose through leaving through photos on the internet or in books. I really don’t care how great of quality those photos may be, you’ll want to get up close and personal with the roses before you make your final choice. After all, when was the last time you “smelled a picture”?
Rose displays are available for the public in many metropolitan and botanical parks. And the advantage here is that the roses themselves are usually meticulously identified. Once you’ve spotted a rose that peaks your interest, you can jot the name of it down and see what kind of attention it needs. This way you can see if this rose actually suits the climate of your area and more specifically the needs of your particular yard and garden.
Carbs and sweets can cause powerful urges and wreak havoc with your system. The two cravings are what you’re bound to reach for when you’re under a lot of stress, but the few moments of satisfaction aren’t worth the harm they can do to your body and your stress level.
Sweet potatoes are a great way to reduce the urge for carbs and sweets while consuming a well-known superfood packed with vitamins such as beta-carotene and fiber. They can help your body process carbs slowly and steadily without causing mood swings and cravings.
As a snack, you can’t beat the stress-reducing power of sweet potatoes. Rather than a short rush of sugar (then, the crash that’s sure to occur), sweet potatoes treat your body to an array of nutrients that have the power to benefit your body rather than harm it.
Sweet potatoes also make you feel full for a longer period of time, reducing the need to binge or eat foods you don’t need or really want. Among the benefits of sweet potatoes is their high vitamin content.
Vitamin A (beta-carotene), manganese, pantothenic acid, Vitamin C, copper and Vitamin B6 are all contained in sweet potatoes. They’re also a great source for dietary fiber, niacin, potassium, Vitamin B1 and B2 and phosphorus.
Sweet potatoes are inexpensive, easy to cook and eat and make a delicious side dish or meal. The health benefits are numerous and include many for stress relief. Vitamin D can help those who may not receive adequate sunlight.
Vitamin D is a hormone and a vitamin and can keep SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) at bay. SAD often affects those who don’t get enough sunlight and can cause our energy levels and moods to suffer. It also benefits the thyroid gland – which in turn, affects our weight and moods.
Iron is another component found in sweet potatoes. Iron provides energy and stimulates the production of white and red blood cells, helping us resist the effects of stress on the body.
Magnesium is also necessary for our bodies and helps relieve stress by providing us with magnesium – a natural anti-stress and relaxation mineral. As important as it is to our overall well-being, it’s estimated that about 80% of America’s population is magnesium deficient.
Sweet potatoes are also versatile. You can bake, slice and grill, puree, steam or roast them or even add them to your leafy green salads and soups. Pureed, they can be an excellent addition to smoothies.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SWEET POTATOES, GO HERE
Depression strikes nearly all of us at one time or another. It could be clinical depression, which is caused by our mental health and possible physical reasons – or situational depression caused by traumatic events or other negative occurrences in our lives.
It’s one of the most common illnesses striking the general population today and may cause irritability, fatigue, lack of motivation or purpose in life and extreme sadness, crying and even aches and pains.
Clinical depression sometimes requires seeking help from a counselor or physician and taking medications, but you may get relief by simply changing your diet a bit to include the right foods with elements that reduce and obliterate feelings of depression.
junk foods and foods high in refined sugar and carbs may contribute to the causes of depression in your life. By eating these types of foods, you’re only adding to the physical and mental problems causing the situation.
Recent studies report that a diet high in vegetables and fruits caused fewer symptoms of depression and had a cumulative effect of providing more antioxidants to the body. Antioxidants are essential to flushing out toxins and other elements adding to a sluggish immune system – and depression.
Folic acid may also reduce the risk of depression and other ailments such as insomnia and fatigue. Dark green, leafy vegetables contain folic acid as do an array of colorful vegetables such as those having deep colors.
Beets, peppers, melons, and tomatoes contain valuable nutrients that literally make us happy – boosting the brain’s production of serotonin – the happy chemical. All of the above vegetables can be grown easily in your home garden.
Whether you have an outdoor space or use another method of gardening such as containers on a small patio space or hydroponic gardening which can be done indoors, you can grow a garden for health that beats stress.
A common cause of depression is free radicals – highly damaging molecules produced by the body and are harmful to cells, cause aging and other body and mind dysfunctions.
Vitamins C and E and beta-carotene (an antioxidant) reduce the effects of free radicals on your system and render them unable to destroy your body or your happiness. Blueberries, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, and strawberries are great sources of Vitamin C and can be grown handily in your garden space.
Beta-carotene sources can be grown by planting carrots, spinach, collards, cantaloupe, and sweet potatoes. Planning and planting your own garden is one way to bring much-needed exercise into your life – and exercise boosts the production of serotonin which, in turn, lifts your mood and your health.
Look to your garden to combat bouts of depression. Working in the garden gets you out into the sunshine (a good source of Vitamin D) and the vegetation you grow and harvest will help transform a dark, gloomy mood into a happy day.
What images come to mind when you think climbing roses? A cottage tucked away in rural England, covered with blooming vines? Perhaps an old prestigious university with one of the lecture halls bedecked in this regalia? Or do you see a trellis of flowering climbing roses as an arch while the bride and groom exchange vows in a wonderful garden wedding ceremony.
Whether it’s any of these or another, no one can certainly fault you for including climbing roses in your personal garden. The secret to raising climbing roses though can be summed up in a single word: patience.
That’s right! You see this particular variety of rose may take several years to reach maturity. You may get frustrated by this, because very often the climbing rose is also placed and designed to be the “centerpiece” if you will of the garden, one of the key elements.
To start with, you want to make sure that you’re starting out with the best possible choice. To that end, five factors exist that you must give careful consideration to. They are size, shade tolerance, disease, resistance, rebloom and basic aesthetics, in other words, color, fragrance, and any other personal preferences.
What about size?
How much room do you have? That’s not a flippant answer to the question. I ask that only to get you to think about the space limitations, if any, with which you’re working.
Do you want a very large climbing plant, one that will climb upwards of 30 feet? Or are you looking for a smaller, more delicate version of a climber to grace the door to your garden?
A common mistake among novice rose growers is to chose the climbing rose they love, and darn the size. They seem to have the mistaken impression that if the plant really wants to grow 20 or more feet, they merely have to cut it back to fit the five-foot area they have planned out for it.
Nothing could be further from the truth. You see, in many ways, roses like this one have minds of their own. For one thing, you’ll find that you’re nearly always pruning the poor plant, which in the end may only cause it fatal injury.
For example, I knew a person who once really only wanted a climbing rose that would climb a maximum of eight feet. But she chose a rose called the Climbing Cecile Brunner. As soon as she told me what she did, I realized she was in trouble with it.
The Brunner is known to climb tall and aggressively. Let’s just say that the Brunner has been accused of tearing the front porches off of houses with its large and overwhelming mass.
After a year of battling that monster of a climber, she realized her mistake. The following year she bought a Blush Noisette that fit her space perfectly. Unfortunately, she was never able to view the Brunner with the initial love that she felt before she purchased one of her own.
I’d hate for you to have an experience like that. Not only is it frustrating, but it’s disappointing to think your passion for a particular rose would be quashed like that.
Made in the shade.
Yes, we’ve established earlier that roses like sun — at least six hours of sunlight a day (I can see them now in a chaise, with the sunglasses on lounging along a beach!).
After you’ve determined the size you have available to allot to your chosen love, seriously consider how much sunlight the area receives. Don’t rule the area out immediately just because it may get some shade. Some climbing roses thrive in partial shade.
Some climbers, especially those that produce white, light pink and light yellow roses can tolerate more shade than those plants which produce the brighter and stronger colors (reds, oranges and the like).
In fact, just about the majority of the Hybrid Musk Roses, which can occupy a space as small as six to 10 feet — are capable of withstanding up to half a day of shade. The particular varieties in this category include Buff Beauty, Lavender Lassie, Kathleen, and Cornelia.
Again, don’t go knocking your head against that brick wall by trying to fill shaded space with a plant that needs sun and vice versa.
When choosing a climbing rose, the degree of its disease resistance is probably more important consideration than with the lower-lying plants. Why? Are you really going to climb 10, 15 or 25 feet above the ground just to spray your plant to rid him of disease?
Give this some thought (you might not have thought this factor through completely yet). Not only would it be more difficult to apply any disease killing materials, but it would be nearly impossible to visually check the plant’s health status, as you do with other plants and roses in your garden.
So, it’s of vital importance that you begin with a plant that is hardy. Roses growing along a wall, by the way, receive less air circulation which opens them up to greater risks of disease. Roses growing in the shade may also experience more health problems.
Similarly, roses growing on a chain link fence or on top of a trellis getting that full sun won’t experience nearly the number of fungal problems than roses on a north wall.
If you’re bound and determined to place your roses in a shaded area (it’s the only available area, which is more likely the case) then consider choosing one of the Noisettes, like the Madame Alfred Carriere. While these roses may not be extremely resistant to illness while young, they seem to acquire that trait as they get older.
Bloom and bloom again?
Now that you have those issues resolved, well, at least you’re thinking about them — let’s tackle yet another topic: the rebloom factor. Many climbing roses — especially the old Ramblers (the roses, not the cars!) bloom only once. They bloom in the springs. Other climbers, though, bloom from spring through fall.
If your climbing rose is taking center stage in a small flower garden, then you’ll want a flower that’s going to last for more than just a month or so.
On the other hand, if it’s going to be among an ensemble cast of a group of one-time bloomers, then that becomes less of an issue. If you’re looking for a single bloomer than, think of the Belle of Portugal, Kiftsgate, Lady Banks or even Felicite et Perpetue. These once-blooming plants put more energy into vertical growth and far less into the flower itself.
There are some large climbers which are repeat bloomers, like the white Sombreuil. This plant, which can climb to more than 25 feet, is also quite healthy. You’ll be pleased with its rate of blooming if you provide it with enough water, fertilizer, and sunlight.
Finally, that brings us to color. And of course, that’s purely a matter of individual taste. I’m sure you’ll find some color that complements the other flowers you have in mind. Or, you could possibly choose the color of the roses, and pattern your garden around them. Yeah! Roses deserve that consideration, now don’t they?
Please watch this 2:28 video with some very good info.
Sounds like an oxymoron? Think of the rose, your mind wanders to shrubs, bushes, climbing plants, even miniature blooms of grand beauty. But a tree?
Indeed, a tree! Think about it. Imagine your yard with a rose tree or two or more! Majestically imposing its presence throughout your land. You’d feel like royalty over your tract.
Standard Tree Roses
Perhaps you haven’t heard them referred to as rose trees, maybe you’re more familiar with them being called rose standards or standard tree roses. These plants have purposely been cultivated to resemble a tree.
The physical appearance of the tree consists of a long, slender cane approximately three feet in height. This cane (you can for the moment consider it a trunk that has no foliage, like the trunk of a tree. It’s from this trunk that the rich abundance of rose flowers burst forth.
Created by Grafting
The tree is created by grafting two pieces of other roses to it. First, a graft is made at the top of the central cane to support the hybrid tree. Then a second graft is made at the rootstock or the bottom of the plant.
This creates a unique plant that more than one person has commented makes it look similar to a “lollipop.” In order that the central core can actually handle the weight of the grafted rose on its top, it’s usually staked. While normally this isn’t a problem, be careful if you’re planning on planting this tree in a windy area. It’s even more important then that you stake it.
Another important aspect to think about is the amount of sunlight this plant receives. This may sound strange because we talk about how much roses love sound, but the large cane-trunk itself is quite susceptible to the sun. So much so, in fact, that some have actually suffered sunscald.
But summer is just one season, now isn’t it? How does this plant stand up against the winter weather? It indeed can, but you need to give it some care. The rose tree requires mulching the entire length of the cane. You can do this by physically relocating the plant during the winter months, or if you’re clever (or you know someone clever) creating a container of wire mesh to surround the cane and then fill this mesh container with mulch.
Care of Pruning
You should also take into consideration the seasonal care this plant needs. Rosarians who choose this variety need to be diligent in pruning in order to receive just the right look. But don’t ever prune the center cane, the trunk. Just the flowering upper portion of the plant.
Just exactly how you prune depends on the type of rose sitting up there. You also should be aware that if you don’t prune it properly, you may accidentally create an uneven distribution of weight. That stress may easily break the stems. The other consequence of improperly pruned plants is the increased risk of disease.
Different species of trees?
It seems that increasingly commercial rose growers are trying their hands at providing rosarians with several species of rose trees. One of the most recent entries to this is called the double-decker rose true. It produces two layers of flowers. The first is on the top of the rose, as you would expect with a normal rose tree. The second layer, though, lies closer to the grand.
How to Prune Your Standard Rose video. (3:38 min.)
“Essentially, all life depends upon the soil…There can be no life without soil and no soil without life, they have evolved together” Charles Kellogg
The best way to get to know your soil is to dig a narrow, hole about 24 inches deep. There should be a dark topsoil layer above a paler layer, known as subsoil. Your topsoil should be loose and well-draining. If it’s hard and compacted, then roots will have trouble growing in it and drainage will be poor.
There are different types of subsoils: hard clay, bedrock, stony material, and even sand. There really isn’t anything you can do about your subsoil but it’s important to know what type of drainage it provides.
A porous subsoil will allow roots to reach down for nutrients, and during dry weather, for water. If your subsoil is compacted, then your best option is to make raised beds. That way you can increase drainage and the amount of good soil available to your plants.
Is Your Soil Alkaline? Or Acid?
This video will show how to determine your soil’s nutrients. 1:38 minutes long
Measuring your soil’s pH level is important because most plants need soil which is slightly acidic, in the 6.2 to 6.8 level. For reference, a pH of 7 is neutral, less is acidic and anything above 7 is alkaline.
A laboratory test is ideal, but soil test kits are sold in most garden centers and home improvement stores. The kit will quickly indicate your soil’s pH by using a simple color system. Acidic soil using turns the testing solution an orange-yellow, neutral shows as green, and alkaline soil turns it dark green. If you have a local Cooperative Extension Service, nearby, you can have your soil tested there. They will also be able to tell you if your soil has any deficiencies and suggest ways to improve it.
Types of Soil
• Sandy soil drains easily but it dries out quickly in the summer heat. It contains few nutrients so you will need to fertilize regularly. It is a good soil for cool-season crops because it retains heat in the spring when most gardens in northern regions are being started.
• Clay is heavy and rich in nutrients. It drains poorly in winter which makes for a waterlogged garden during the spring thaw. They maintain moisture in the summer so they’re good for warm weather crops.
• Loam is a crumbly soil that combines the best features of sand and clay.
How To Check Your Soil’s Drainage
Remember the hole you dug to examine the soil in your yard? Now it’s time for a little experiment to find out how well it drains. Fill the hole with water, cover it, and leave it overnight.
If the water is still there the next morning, your soil is draining poorly. This means you may need to set up a drainage system or resort to raised beds. Excess water is deadly for plants, causing root rot and weakening the plant and making it susceptible to pests and diseases.