10 Nutrients Plants Need To Grow – To Survive

Result of 10 nutrients
Result of 10 nutrients to keep plants healthy.

Ten nutrients plants need to grow have been identified that are required by plants. Of these, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are required in relatively large amounts. These six nutrients are referred to as macronutrients and are also required in comparatively large quantities..

  • Nitrogen is associated with lush vegetative growth.
  • Phosphorus is required for flowering and fruiting.
  • Potassium is necessary for durability and disease resistance.
  • Other Macronutrients needed are:

  • Calcium regulates the transport of other nutrients into the plant and is also involved in the activation of certain plant enzymes.
  • Sulfur is a structural component of some amino acids and vitamins and is essential for chloroplast growth and function.
  • Magnesium is as a constituent of the chlorophyll molecule.
  • Micronutrients

    The other nutrients, referred to as micronutrients, are required in very small amounts. These include such elements as:

  • Copper is important for photosynthesis.
  • Zinc is required in a large number of enzymes and plays an essential role in DNA transcription.
  • Iron is necessary for photosynthesis and is present as an enzyme cofactor in plants.
  • Boron it affects flowering and fruiting, pollen germination, cell division, and active salt absorption.
  • While both macro and micronutrients are required for good plant growth, over-application can be as detrimental as a deficiency. Over-application of plant nutrients not only may impair plant growth, but may contaminate groundwater by leaching through the soil or pollute surface waters by washing away.

    This info provided by:

    United States Department of Agriculture

    Natural Resources Conservation Service

    Related How To article: How to Make Organic Plant Food

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