What is in the Name of a Rose?

rose

Here’s a piece of trivia I bet you didn’t know: roses are the third-largest plant family. It’s true! What is in the name of a rose? It would be extremely difficult for it to become the third-largest family if it were as difficult to cultivate them as their reputation leads you to believe.

But the more interesting point is the various members of the rose family you can find around us all the time. Like what?

Well, the “rose family” includes such plants as apples, cherries, raspberries, and many ornamental landscape plants!

Wild roses generally have two names (no not quite a first and a last name like people!). Each wild rose has a scientific or botanical name with at least two parts, sometimes more. These names are always based on the Latin language. In addition, each wild rose also contains a common name as well. For example, there’s the Rosa eglanteria — the plant’s botanical name. Its common name is eglantine.

Cultivars

There are times when changes occur naturally in the plant. A normally red-flowered rose, for example, may suddenly sprout a white-flowering seedling. This is called a variety. When the variety is produced artificially as a result of something a person has done, it’s called a cultivar. While that looks like an impressive word, it’s really rose-language shorthand for the term “cultivated variety”.

This cultivar could have several origins. It may be the result of a hybrid. Technically, a hybrid is when the pollen of one plant is placed on the female reproductive parts of another plant. The results are seedlings with genes from both parents.

But the cultivar could also be the result of people who actively seek to reproduce roses through rooting cuttings. In this case sections of the stem of the plant they want are grafted to another plant.

Knockout rose
Knockout rose is selling like hotcakes

You can recognize a cultivar just by its name. They are usually only given one name (there’s not Latin-based scientific name linked with these plants). When you see a rose is named ‘Rainbow’s End’ or ‘Knock Out’ you know instantly that the final product is a man-made cultivar. You’ll also notice, as you learn more about your new-found hobby, that these single-named cultivars are always set off by a set of single quotation marks — never double!

If this particular man-made cultivar is sold in more than one country, then don’t be surprised to discover that it’s also known by more than one name.

Name of the Rose

But the name of the rose doesn’t end here! (Whew! Roses have more names than the FBI’s top listed Most Wanted!). The situation grows even more complicated if the flower is registered with the International Registration Authority for Roses, which by the way is a function of the American Rose Society.

If it is registered with this group, then it may also receive a “code name”. This code name starts with three capital letters that denote the hybridizer or the person who introduced the variety. Then, this is followed by additional lower-case letters. There’s a rose called the TANorstar. This code name is always the same — no matter in which country the rose is sold.

Surprise!

Names of Roses is Pretty Cut and Dry

After taking the time to describe all this, you would think that everything about the names of roses is pretty cut and dry. Oh, no! That’s just not the case, not by a long shot!

As you begin to read more, you’ll realize that names are really listed in many different ways in all sorts of publications.

Now that I’ve completely confused you and while you’re still scratching your head looking completely puzzled, we might as well plow ahead to one more point. Some older varieties of roses will have a common name as well. You can view these as nicknames. These have been adopted over the years and used so much that they’re just accepted, affectionate ways of talking about these particular roses.

Now that you’re wondering why you need to know all of this, I’ll tell you right now, sooner or later (and probably sooner) you will encounter all the names. And it very well could be the next time you open a rose catalog.

Many catalogs print all the possible names of the roses. This helps everyone to know what rose we’re talking about. The names are usually listed in the following order: fancy names; scientific names; common names and code names.

Here’s an Example of What I’m Talking About.

For the rose called “Alba Maxima’ you’ll find a listing like this. It has a fancy species and common names:

Synonyms are ‘Great Double White’, ‘Maxima’, Rosa alba maxima, and Jacobite Rose.

If the rose has two alternate fancy names and a code name, the entry looks like this:

Rosa Alba Meidiland

‘Alba meidiland’

Synonyms are ‘Alba Meilandecor’, ‘Meidiland Alba’; MElflopan.

With all the thousands of roses in the world and all the names just one rose can be given, it’s no wonder that the rose experts use various methods to group the roses as well. Now you know what is in the name of a rose.

Gardening Helps Stress Eating And Weight

Stress Eating

Gardening can boost the feel-good hormones in your brain, which help fight against feelings associated with stress. Studies have shown that people who have a garden eat better and have fewer long term negative health effects.

Plus, another upside to gardening for stress eating is that you’ll discover that instead of putting weight on, you’re actually losing it instead. Most people are surprised to find that they lose inches around their waist and drop numbers on the scale through gardening.

It doesn’t seem like exercise because it’s a fun, fairly easy hobby to get into. The best part is that gardening isn’t something that requires you drag yourself to an exercise club, wear workout gear or pay for a membership.

stress gardening

It’s all convenient and very low cost. You just have to buy the seeds or the starter plants. You can get started with gardening through container gardening, window box gardening, indoor or outdoor gardening.

There are so many different types of foods you can plant, too. When you’re involved in growing a garden, you get exercise in a variety of ways. It’s good for anybody type and any weight because the exercising is all low key and low impact so you won’t feel it in your joints.

Picking up the plants to move them from a pot to the soil works the upper body. As you work on transplanting, you’re working out core muscles as well. Lifting bags of soil to add to the garden plot is part of a garden workout.

So is raking the soil and digging in it to plant items. There’s also weeding, which is a repetitive exercise that relaxes both the mind and the body. You can burn calories in your garden by mulching and other tasks required to keep a garden productive.

Some foods require more effort to grow than other foods and that also contributes to weight loss. If you’re doing more physical aspects of gardening such as hoeing, this is considered a moderate workout and you can end up burning as much as 300 calories for every hour that you’re hoeing.

You’ll end up giving your muscles strength from all the activity as well as toning them. Gardening calms the mind, too – which, in turn, reduces stress and lowers cortisol. When the cortisol is lowered, you’ll also have less of a drive to turn to food for comfort.

Gardening Helps Dieters Shed Fat During Stressful Times

When you garden, there’s always healthy food available for meals and snacks to help combat stress during troubled or anxious times. Your garden can be the quiet place you go to relax, exercise to get you out of the doldrums and provide a good supply of healthy, mood-boosting foods.

Gardening might be the ultimate way to shed the fat cells during times when you crave unhealthy foods. Sugary and salty snacks, fast food and foods rich in calories and carbohydrates are what you feel you need, but add calories and free radicals to your body.

You may also plant yourself on the sofa and feel like you can’t make a move to do anything beneficial to your body. Gardening is like any other hobby you might take up – you’re excited about doing it.

But, gardening is different because it not only relieves stress but can provide beauty for the mind with flowers and food for the soul and body with the healthy plants you choose. Keep your garden simple at first until you know what you have the stamina for.

If you discover you really enjoy gardening, the sky’s the limit on the healthy foods you can enjoy. But keep gardening your hobby to relax and enjoy and don’t let it become a chore.

Stress affects us in various ways. We always want comfort and most of the time we find it in harmful foods, but what we really need is vitamin and nutrient-rich foods we can depend upon to keep our stress-out times low calorie, but satisfying.

Mood swings are dangerous to the dieter. If you choose an outlet such as gardening, you have a better chance of foregoing the bad moods and immersing yourself in the mood-lifting gardening experience.

And you’re more likely to eat the healthy foods you harvest from your garden than to pick them up at the supermarket when you’re stressed out. Gardening affects all of the senses – taste, smell, sound and touch all benefit the dieters need to consume healthy and low-calorie foods.

When gardening to relieve stress and eat healthier, try to be in the moment. It doesn’t help much to garden while you’re thinking about tomorrow’s workload or finances. You also have the perfect chance to build on your creativity when gardening.

When planning your garden, think about whether you want it to be wild and entertaining or subtle and elegant. That decision goes a long way in how much you relax in your garden environment.

Relaxation is sometimes key in relieving food cravings, which occur when you’re stressed out. Carving out a space in your garden for only you – for meditation, reading or just enjoying the aromas and ambiance – can help reduce cravings you may have for high-calorie, high-carb foods.

Gardening also gives you a sense of accomplishment that you don’t get with many other hobbies. It satisfies all the senses and the harvest is low calorie – and beautiful to behold.

Garlic And Beets– Natural Remedies for Stress

garlicThe earliest recorded history of the use of garlic to boost health and relieve stress was made by the Egyptians. They fed it to their slaves and other laborers to boost their strength and stamina during the decades the pyramids were being built.

Now we know for sure that garlic is a huge asset to the immune system and can help prevent cancer, heart disease and lower blood pressure. Antioxidants are highly concentrated in this superfood and can combat the damage to our bodies caused by free radicals (body pollutants).

Free radicals are now believed to contribute to the development of life-threatening diseases. Garlic contains the antibacterial and anti-fungal component called allicin and naturopathic practitioners often recommend it for depression and anxiety.

Some little known facts about the benefits of garlic include:

garlic in a meal

  1. * Chop or crush the garlic and let it sit for a while before cooking so the allinase enzymes contained in the garlic will better preserve its cancer-preventive properties.
  2. * Allicin (a sulfur compound) may help improve your iron metabolism. A protein (ferroportin) allows a passageway in the cell membrane to store iron and exit the cell when the body needs it.
  3. * Garlic is a good source for selenium, a trace mineral also present in the soil. Selenium is imperative for the body to increase immunity, protect against free radical damage, as an anti-inflammatory and to maintain a healthy and vibrant metabolism.
  4. * Garlic may also play a role in the fertility of males and females and in preventing autoimmune, cancer and thyroid diseases.

You should include garlic in your diet plan on a daily basis. At least half a clove in your own food portion should suffice – but when used in recipes, use at least one or two for maximum benefit.

garlic in a meal

Use garlic in whole clove form, raw, chopped, powder, or pressed. Be sure to add it at the end of your recipe’s cooking cycle to derive the maximum benefits and flavor. Garlic can transform any dish into an aromatic and highly flavorful meal, boost your mood and counteract your high-stress levels.

     

Beets

beets

Beets are coming back as a food-trend and being used in many different ways to ensure we get them in our diet plan. The arsenal of nutrients found in beets has an extremely beneficial effect on our nervous and immune systems.

Packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties called betaine, beets also help to detoxify the body by stimulating liver cells and cleansing and protecting bile ducts, which carry waste through the system.

Betaine is an amino acid which acts as an antidepressant and stimulates the production of dopamine (the neurotransmitter which controls the pleasure points in our brains). An added bonus to consuming beets on a regular basis is the caloric count – approximately 40 calories per (average size) beet.

Beets are stocked with nutrients we sometimes lack, such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, fiber, niacin, biotin and iron. Together, these nutrients help to increase our levels of dopamine.

Low levels of dopamine cause us to be sluggish in our motor movements and may affect sleep cycles caused by stress. Recently, low dopamine levels have been connected to restless leg syndrome – the disorder that occurs often in seniors and keeps us awake at night.

Lowering blood pressure is also a benefit of beets. Some studies indicate that beets may help increase energy levels and stamina when you need it most. If you’ve never tried beets or beet juice, you’ll be amazed at all the ways you can use them in recipes or simply cut them up and include them in a leafy green salad.

Check out beet recipes and ideas online or in cookbooks and begin to use this superfood to boost your stress-reducing dopamine and nutrient levels.

Relieve Stress And Headache, Your Garden Cures

If you’ve ever suffered from a stress-related headache, you know how debilitating it can be. Your own garden can be a source of foods that can help alleviate the dreaded headaches caused by too much stress and anxiety in your life.

Certain foods can also cause headaches. Included in the list are cheese, red wine, chocolate, and caffeine. Many foods containing MSG (monosodium glutamate) can sometimes trigger the intense migraine headaches, so it’s good to avoid those foods when you can.

Foods that are known to prevent headaches can be grown in your own garden. Even if you don’t have a garden space in your backyard, many of these foods are easily grown in containers or hydroponically.

Lavender

Some herbs are natural enemies of headaches and you can easily grow them and have them on hand whenever needed. Lavender, for example, emits a scent that encourages relaxation and is great for stress-related headaches.

Lemon balm is another easy-to-grow and fragrant herb that’s helpful to relieve tension and those headaches caused by anxiety. It also acts as a mild sedative if your headache is preventing you from getting much-needed rest.

Sage and rosemary are excellent stress-headache relievers. Rosemary also improves circulation and can stimulate the nerves – helping to relieve tension and cluster headaches. Use rosemary in your favorite recipes to give them an extra zing.

Sage

Sage is also an easy growing plant and a great addition to any garden type. It’s a herb that can turn a recipe from boring to amazing and also stimulates digestion. Tension and nerve-caused headaches may be relieved by the aroma of this amazing herb.

Many of these herbs are great for tinctures to add to beverages when you feel a headache coming on. Tea or infusions with some of the herbs can effectively stave off the onset of tension and nerve type headaches.

Cantaloupes and potatoes can be easily grown in your garden space or even containers and contain natural statins and anti-inflammatory properties which can help lower high blood pressure and alleviate the pain of stress headaches.

Low levels of magnesium may cause stress to morph itself into the form of a headache. You can get this essential mineral in dark, leafy green plants such as spinach and kale – easily grown in any type of garden.

Add spice to your foods to relieve headaches by growing peppers in your garden and add these to recipes. They’re especially good to add to stews and soups. Spicy peppers help to relieve congestion and sinus pressure and may also act to open blood vessels which may constrict during times of stress and anxiety.

Just the activity of gardening can do much to relieve stress. If you don’t have a large plot in your yard for a garden, consider another method such as container and hydroponic.

place for meditation and relaxation

If you have enough space in your garden area, arrange a place for meditation and relaxation. Perhaps add a water feature and some aromatic herbs and flowers for complete relaxation and a way to get rid of those annoying stress-related headaches.

 

Choosing The Right Rose For You

Shrub Rose Westerland

Shrub Rose Westerland

Boy, I bet you never dreamed there was such a variety of roses. You still look a little overwhelmed from all that we covered from the last chapter. With such an array, how do you decide which rose is right for you?

Allow me to help a little with that. First, you’re probably tempted, as I was in the beginning years of my rose-growing days, to just run down to your local nursery and buy the species of rose that you feel is the most beautiful. I can’t blame you there.

But you should place more thought than that into it. After all, you do want to get the absolute best results you possibly can from both your investment in money and the future investment you’re making in time. You know, the tending to the flower, the watering, the fertilizing, and the talking to!

Even though your heart is saying run out and buy the first rose you see, your mind is saying, “Let’s do a little research.” Listen to your mind on this one.

Peace Rose

And let’s start with just a few traits you should look for when you’re purchasing a rose.

Think about these questions before you buy your plant:

1. For what purpose do I want the rose?

By this question, I mean where in your garden are you planning on putting it. Will it be in a container? Will it be part of a flower bed or border? Or perhaps you’re thinking more of creating a hedge with the rose or having it stand as an arbor.

Good Choice

2. Am I going to cut the flowers for arrangements?

3. How much space can I realistically devote to the flower?

If you have a smaller garden, then you’ll be considering purchasing what’s called “compact” roses. This will keep the roses in an approximate scale with all your other plants.

If your garden is larger, than, of course, you want the larger varieties of roses.


4. What colors would I like?

Are you searching for bright colors in your plants, like the reds, the oranges, the golds or even the stripes? Instead of bright, you may opt for the flowers in the pastel range.

5. How important is the fragrance of the rose to me?

rose fragrance

For many people, the fragrant scent of the rose is important. For others, they cherish the look. Would you be disappointed realistically speaking, if the rose you chose didn’t have a strong, aromatic scent?

6. Realistically, how much time am I willing to invest in the maintenance of this flower?

You may have the time and the energy to get intimately involved with your rose plants. If that’s the case, hybrid tea roses would be a good choice. This particular type of rose requires careful attention. It’s prone to disease and needs pruning.

But don’t give up on roses if you don’t’ have the time or energy for the “fussier” plants. Instead, search out a few that are easier to tend to. Believe me, they’re out there.

7. What are the growing conditions like in my yard?

Objectively evaluate your climate. In fact, when asking this question, you can turn to the USDA Plant hardiness Zone Map. This will help you make your decision about the type of rose that will thrive in your climate.

Up Close and Personal.

While a picture may be worth a thousand words, you certainly don’t want to choose your rose through leaving through photos on the internet or in books. I really don’t care how great of quality those photos may be, you’ll want to get up close and personal with the roses before you make your final choice. After all, when was the last time you “smelled a picture”?

Rose displays are available for the public in many metropolitan and botanical parks. And the advantage here is that the roses themselves are usually meticulously identified. Once you’ve spotted a rose that peaks your interest, you can jot the name of it down and see what kind of attention it needs. This way you can see if this rose actually suits the climate of your area and more specifically the needs of your particular yard and garden.

Sweet Potatoes Satisfy Sweets and Reduce Stress

Sweet Potatoes

Carbs and sweets can cause powerful urges and wreak havoc with your system. The two cravings are what you’re bound to reach for when you’re under a lot of stress, but the few moments of satisfaction aren’t worth the harm they can do to your body and your stress level.

Sweet potatoes are a great way to reduce the urge for carbs and sweets while consuming a well-known superfood packed with vitamins such as beta-carotene and fiber. They can help your body process carbs slowly and steadily without causing mood swings and cravings.

As a snack, you can’t beat the stress-reducing power of sweet potatoes. Rather than a short rush of sugar (then, the crash that’s sure to occur), sweet potatoes treat your body to an array of nutrients that have the power to benefit your body rather than harm it.

Sweet potatoes also make you feel full for a longer period of time, reducing the need to binge or eat foods you don’t need or really want. Among the benefits of sweet potatoes is their high vitamin content.

Vitamin A (beta-carotene), manganese, pantothenic acid, Vitamin C, copper and Vitamin B6 are all contained in sweet potatoes. They’re also a great source for dietary fiber, niacin, potassium, Vitamin B1 and B2 and phosphorus.

Sweet potatoes are inexpensive, easy to cook and eat and make a delicious side dish or meal. The health benefits are numerous and include many for stress relief. Vitamin D can help those who may not receive adequate sunlight.

Vitamin D is a hormone and a vitamin and can keep SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) at bay. SAD often affects those who don’t get enough sunlight and can cause our energy levels and moods to suffer. It also benefits the thyroid gland – which in turn, affects our weight and moods.

Iron is another component found in sweet potatoes. Iron provides energy and stimulates the production of white and red blood cells, helping us resist the effects of stress on the body.

Magnesium is also necessary for our bodies and helps relieve stress by providing us with magnesium – a natural anti-stress and relaxation mineral. As important as it is to our overall well-being, it’s estimated that about 80% of America’s population is magnesium deficient.

sweet potato chips

Image by Bernadette Wurzinger from Pixabay

Sweet potatoes are also versatile. You can bake, slice and grill, puree, steam or roast them or even add them to your leafy green salads and soups. Pureed, they can be an excellent addition to smoothies.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SWEET POTATOES, GO HERE

If Stress Has You Down and Depressed

Dogs are depressedIf Stress Has You Down and Depressed

Depression strikes nearly all of us at one time or another. It could be clinical depression, which is caused by our mental health and possible physical reasons – or situational depression caused by traumatic events or other negative occurrences in our lives.

It’s one of the most common illnesses striking the general population today and may cause irritability, fatigue, lack of motivation or purpose in life and extreme sadness, crying and even aches and pains.

Clinical depression sometimes requires seeking help from a counselor or physician and taking medications, but you may get relief by simply changing your diet a bit to include the right foods with elements that reduce and obliterate feelings of depression.

Processed meals, junk food, but sweetjunk foods and foods high in refined sugar and carbs may contribute to the causes of depression in your life. By eating these types of foods, you’re only adding to the physical and mental problems causing the situation.

Recent studies report that a diet high in vegetables and fruits caused fewer symptoms of depression and had a cumulative effect of providing more antioxidants to the body. Antioxidants are essential to flushing out toxins and other elements adding to a sluggish immune system – and depression.

Folic acid may also reduce the risk of depression and other ailments such as insomnia and fatigue. Dark green, leafy vegetables contain folic acid as do an array of colorful vegetables such as those having deep colors.

Beets, peppers, melons, and tomatoes contain valuable nutrients that literally make us happy – boosting the brain’s production of serotonin – the happy chemical. All of the above vegetables can be grown easily in your home garden.

Whether you have an outdoor space or use another method of gardening such as containers on a small patio space or hydroponic gardening which can be done indoors, you can grow a garden for health that beats stress.

A common cause of depression is free radicals – highly damaging molecules produced by the body and are harmful to cells, cause aging and other body and mind dysfunctions.

Helpful berries

Vitamins C and E and beta-carotene (an antioxidant) reduce the effects of free radicals on your system and render them unable to destroy your body or your happiness. Blueberries, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, and strawberries are great sources of Vitamin C and can be grown handily in your garden space.

Beta-carotene sources can be grown by planting carrots, spinach, collards, cantaloupe, and sweet potatoes. Planning and planting your own garden is one way to bring much-needed exercise into your life – and exercise boosts the production of serotonin which, in turn, lifts your mood and your health.

Look to your garden to combat bouts of depression. Working in the garden gets you out into the sunshine (a good source of Vitamin D) and the vegetation you grow and harvest will help transform a dark, gloomy mood into a happy day.